September 2006 – The End of Stranded Gas – The Emergence of the Gas-to-Products (GTP) Option
The world has an abundant supply of low cost natural gas in remote locations. The monetization of these stranded gas resources requires new technologies and new, large markets. GTP technologies, including the well known GTL (Gas to Liquids) process, finally emerge as options to efficiently convert this resource into clean, high value fuels and chemicals. This change was brought about by technology developments over the last two decades. Over the last two years, we have seen financial project commitments of over $20billion for GTL projects alone. Less well known are rapid advances in gas to chemicals (such as methanol) conversion technologies and increases in plant scales which signifcantly reduce manufacturing costs. These developments transition e.g. methanol from a chemical to a large scale, future fuel and chemical feedstock for other large scale chemicals such as olefins. Among the many methanol derivatives (olefins, gasoline, acetic acid, hydrogen, etc) there is great promise for dimethyl-ether (DME) which has the properties of LPG. DME is envisioned and already employed as a domestic heating and cooking fuel, power generation fuel and as a super clean diesel alternative.
This presentation will review the technologies, products and markets of the many GTP options. It will discuss the role of GTP in the context of existing gas monetization businesses, such as LNG and pipelines, as well as other emerging technologies such as CNG and gas by wire. Future developments of floating GTP applications for offshore associated gas scenarios will also be reviewed.
Dr. Theo Fleisch is a member of BP’s Group Leadership and holds the position of Distinguished Advisor. Currently, he works in BP's new Global Gas To Products (GTP) group. His work focuses on the development and capture of low cost Gas To Market technologies, the development of commercialization strategies, evaluation of business opportunities and support of commercial ventures. Dr. Fleisch is well known for his leadership in GTP and his recognition of DME as a multi-source, multi-purpose clean fuel and chemical feedstock of the future. He holds a Masters and PhD summa cum laude degree in Physical Chemistry from the University of Innsbruck, Austria, had a postdoctoral assignment in Chemical Engineering at Purdue and has worked for 27 years in numerous technical and managerial positions in Amoco and BP. He has over 70 publications and 10 patents and has held many leadership positions in scientific and industrial organizations.
October 2006 – Fall Panel Discussion – Oil and Gas Operations in an Urban Environment
For 2006, we have a distinguished group of panelists from both industry and local government to discuss "Oil & Gas Operations in an Urban Environment". General topics covered during this panel discussion include:
- Noise, Light
- Traffic, Road Damage
- Water use
- Emergency Response
- Financial Impact – Both Positive and Negative
Panelists slated for this panel discussion include:
- Moderator: Mr. Steve Lipari, Fort Worth East Division Operations Manager, EOG Resources, Inc.
- Mr. George Jackson, Operations Supervisor, Devon Energy
- Mr. Walter Dueese, Regulatory, XTO Energy
- Mr. Felix Wong, City Planning and Zoning Director, City of Mansfield
- Ms. Ann Fullenwider, Assistant City Attorney, Fort Worth
- Others to be announced
November 2006 – Heavy Oil Recovery- Recent Developments and Challenges
Heavy oil and extra heavy oil production (currently at about 2.8 MM barrels/day) has been increasing in recent years and is expected to grow even further in the future because of expected supply shortfall in conventional oil and an abundance of relatively large and known deposits of heavy oil. Heavy oil is commercially produced by primary recovery (solution gas drive and cold production), improved recovery (water injection), and enhanced recovery (thermal methods). A large majority of the recent primary production is in the Orinoco belt of Venezuela. Long horizontal wells (with initial production rates/well over 1000 BOPD) and upgrading have made these projects possible. Waterflood has been conducted successfully in a few high viscosity reservoirs in the past, and several projects are currently ongoing and planned around the world. Incremental recovery of ~2% to 20% OOIP have been reported. Steam injection is the most widely applied EOR method. A majority of the steam injection projects are in California, Canada, Indonesia and Venezuela. Recovery can approach 20% for cyclic steaming and over 50% for continuous steam injection. Novel methods such as solvent injection and hybrid methods are being tested for heavy oil recovery, where steam may not be the best option. However, these are in the experimental stage and their commerciality is currently being demonstrated. This presentation highlights recent developments and advances in heavy oil recovery and challenges in each of the heavy oil recovery methods.
Mridul Kumar is a Team Leader of the Heavy Oil and Unconventional Reservoirs team at Chevron Energy Technology Co. in Houston, Texas. He also leads Chevron’s Heavy Oil Network. Kumar has contributed to Chevron’s heavy oil projects worldwide and has led development and deployment of technologies for heavy oil recovery and IOR processes. He has co-authored 44 papers and holds four patents. Kumar holds a B.Tech. (with distinction) from the Indian Institute of Technology at Kanpur, and M.S. and Ph.D. from The Pennsylvania State University, all in mechanical engineering. He is a member of the SPE Editorial Review Committee and ATC Reservoir Engineering subcommittee. He is on the program committees of SPE 2005 ATW on Heavy Oil Development and 2006 IOR Symposium. He was the Chairperson of the SPE Golden Gate Section (2001-02) and General Co-chairman of 1997 SPE International Thermal Operations and Heavy Oil Symposium. Kumar is a recipient of 2002 SPE Western Region Technical Achievement Award.
January 2007 – Global Warming and the Petroleum Industry – Conflict of Science and Politics, Past, Present, and What the Future my Bring
Global warming. No two words in the media and the global oil and gas industry carry so many weighty implications; have been the subject of so much public and private debate and so many papers and books. Global warming makes for lively discussion for TV documentaries, frightening headlines in newspapers, popular science magazines and foreign policy journals.
Yet, the brightest minds agree (often grudgingly) that both the demand and supply for oil will continue to increase for the foreseeable future, resulting in more carbon dioxide – a known greenhouse gas. Long-term projections (e.g. USGS, IEA, EIA) show world’s light oil production peaking in two decades, followed by even greater use of "dirtier" heavy oil, bitumen and coal, which are even more plentiful than conventional oil. What gives?
This presentation provides a balanced view, outlining the arguments of scientists and policy makers, with feasible options for carbon dioxide sequestration and their relative costs. Included are the just released and the first detailed analyses of an extraordinary climactic and biological record from the seabed near the North Pole and the hints of an oil bonanza beneath the Arctic Ocean.
Dr. George Stosur managed the upstream oil and gas R&D program at the U.S. Department of Energy in Washington, D.C. He was responsible for DOE-sponsored research conducted at several universities, National Laboratories, the National Petroleum Technology Office and joint R&D projects with other countries. His private sector experience includes Chevron and Shell Oil companies, mostly in R&D of EOR processes, heavy oil production problems and ultra-low permeability gas formations. George served as an SPE Section Director, twice-SPE Distinguished Lecturer and a guest speaker for several cruise lines. He authored 86 papers, two textbook chapters on oil and contributed to an encyclopedia on hydrocarbons. He holds two M.S. degrees and a Ph.D. in petroleum engineering.
February 2007 – Is it Possible to Look out for your Company’s Best Interest and Still be Ethical?
To address whether it is possible to be both ethical and represent the best interest of your company, this presentation starts off with a basic discussion of what is meant by “ethical behavior”. It then presents some examples of unethical behavior which could be commonly encountered by an engineer and asks the question “Do I have to act this way?” The presentation ends with a discussion on the benefits of ethical behavior.
Kenneth E. Arnold, P.E., is Chief Engineer, Oil & Gas, for AMEC Paragon, a project management and engineering services company. Ken has over forty years of industry experience, with 16 years at Shell Oil Company. He founded Paragon Engineering Services in 1980, which was purchased by AMEC in 2005. Ken is currently Senior Executive Vice President of AMEC Paragon, based in Houston, Texas, USA. He is also Chief Engineer, Oil & Gas, AMEC, reporting to the Managing Director in Aberdeen.
Ken is co-author of two textbooks and over 50 technical articles on project management and facilities design. He has twice been chosen as an SPE distinguished lecturer. He was named 2003 Houston Engineer of the Year by the Texas Society of Professional Engineers, is a member of the Marine Board of the National Research Council, was elected to the U.S. National Academy of Engineering in 2005, and is on the Board of The Academy of Medicine, Engineering and Science of Texas.
Ken has taught facilities engineering at the University of Houston and is a recipient of the SPE Public Service Award and Production Engineering Award. He has received an American Petroleum Institute citation for his work in promoting offshore safety. Ken is a registered professional engineer and serves on the advisory board of the engineering schools of Tulane University and Cornell University.
Ken received a B.S. in Civil Engineering from Cornell University in 1964 and an M.S. in Civil Engineering from Tulane University in 1967.
April 2007 – Barnett Shale Completion Evolution: Utilizing Completion Diagnostics to Optimize Close offset Development and Refracs
Activity in the Barnett shale of North Texas has continued to surge over the past several years, and with this surge in activity has come a steady evolution of completion techniques. Most operators agree that the best Barnett shale wells are those that have the largest fracture network development. One of the biggest challenges facing operators today is determining which completion techniques create the largest fracture network and the most effective diagnostic methods for evaluating these techniques in order to continue the optimization process. Numerous operators have used diagnostic techniques to optimize well placement and overall completion design. Approximately 20% of the Barnett shale completions have used radioactive tracers or chemical tracers to determine propant placement, cement integrity, lateral cleanup, and offset well interference.
Many operators are drilling parallel horizontals as close as 500’ apart. Simultaneous fracturing operations on these close offsets have also been used successfully in many areas. In general these techniques are being used to maximize fracture network development while possibly minimizing the number of surface locations. Additionally, with over 5000 available existing well-bores, re-fracture stimulations have become a significant piece in the evolution process.
This presentation will cover several Barnett Shale close offset and re-frac projects. The main discussion will deal with Spectral gamma ray logging results and chemical tracer results and how they were used to explain well performance anomalies. Additionally, we will utilize the sampling of chemical tracers to develop well-to-well interference profiles and help quantify communication between fracturing stages.
Dick Leonard is DFW Business Development Manager for ProTechnics, a division of Core Lab. Dick joined ProTechnics after working for 19 years with Union Pacific Resources in several engineering and supervisor positions. At UPR, the majority of his engineering experience dealt with the stimulation of tight sands in East and South Texas and horizontal development in North Louisiana. While he was engineering supervisor for East Texas, his group pioneered the water-frac technology that is currently being used in many tight sand and shale formations throughout the country. During the last 7 years, most of Dick’s focus has been on the diagnostic analysis of the Barnett Shale in North Texas. During his 28 years in the petroleum industry, Mr. Leonard has co-authored several SPE papers on hydraulic fracturing. Dick graduated from The University of Texas in 1979 with a BS degree in Petroleum Engineering. Mr. Leonard is a member of the SPE, API, AAPG, and AADE. Dick and his wife, Barbara have been married for over 27 years. They live in Keller with their two sons, Brad and Brent.
May 2007 – Reserves Management & Auditability – Critical Requirements in Today’s Oil & Gas Industry
Thanks to Sarbanes-Oxley and some significant reserves write-downs, senior oil company executives, board members and investors alike have become sensitive to the requirements for reserves booking and reporting. Reserves, whether they be Proved, Probable or Possible, are just one part of an oil companies total portfolio that also includes exploration potential and sub-commercial resources. All of these need to be captured and tracked in order to maximize the total portfolio, and ensure accurate and auditable reserves and resource reporting. The SPE/WPC/AAPG reserves and resource classification system provides an excellent framework for capturing and tracking the total resource. This, combined with a clearly defined reserves process linked into, and an integral part of, the engineering and geoscience workflow, will provide assurance to all stakeholders that reserves are under control. Discussion will focus on the need for a reserves system that captures the total resource portfolio, the critical decision points within that system (focal points for corporate governance) and a process that provides quality control and an audit trail to ensure reporting requirements are met.
Tony Harrison has spent nearly 30 years in the oil and gas industry. Graduating in geology and biochemistry, Tony spent a number of years traveling the world as a consultant geologist before settling down in Australia with Santos Ltd. In more than 20 years with Santos, Tony has enjoyed a number of technical and supervisory roles initially in the geoscience area and then in reservoir engineering. Tony has held his current position of Reserves Manager for around 5 years. In 2004 Tony became a member of the world-wide SPE Oil & Gas Reserves Committee. Tony is an accomplished speaker and in the last couple of years alone, has presented at international conferences in Paris, London, Houston, Tunis and Perth.